cause of strip mining

Effects of Mining on the Environment and Wildlife

Mar 09, 2017· Some mining methods cause further destruction, such as the use of explosions to destroy mountain tops. Toxic chemicals and minerals could go to streams, rivers, and other bodies of water which can create harmful effects to marine species. Pollution; Mining can leak pollutants into the environment that may lead to water contamination.

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Mining | Environmental Issues

Feb 14, 2018· Strip mining causes dust and noise pollution when top soil is disrupted with heavy machinery and coal dust is created in mines. After a mine is shut down, the dry, barren land is still contaminated for years after.

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5 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining – ConnectUS

Sep 24, 2015· Strip mining is a controversial practice owing to the fact that it affects topography, vegetation and water resources. Although it is subject to state and federal reclamation requirements, the adequacy of such requirements is a frequent source of contention.

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The Issues and Impacts of Phosphate Strip Mining

Strip mining removes 20 to 40 feet of the surface of an area to get to the phosphate. In the process, the entire environmental system, including the surface and underground water flows; topography, animals and plants are changed. Large amounts of water are retained during the mining process.

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Solar Energy Isn't Always as Green as You Think

Nov 12, 2014· So each of these technologies uses compounds containing the heavy metal cadmium, which is both a carcinogen and a genotoxin, meaning that it can cause inheritable mutations.

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Mining 102 - EVE University Wiki

Mining Barges - Can fit strip miners and ice harvester turrets - all require Mining Barge-1 and Astrogeology-3 skills Procurer - focus is on tank Output: moderate producer, with a 2% reduction in Strip Miner and Ice Harvester duration per level of Mining Barge skill.

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

Apr 20, 2015· Strip mining causes dust and noise pollution when top soil is disrupted with heavy machinery and coal dust is created in mines. The result of all this is barren land that stays contaminated long after a coal mine shuts down. Although many countries require reclamation plans for coal mining sites, undoing all the environmental damages to water ...

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Pros and Cons of Strip Mining | APECSEC.org

Feb 25, 2015· Strip mining can have unwanted effects on the natural ecosystem of the area where the mining is taking place. Plant and animal life is often killed off, taking years to regenerate. In addition to the death of plants and animals, the land also experiences increased susceptibility to …

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Ecological Impacts of Mountaintop Removal > Appalachian Voices

The Appalachian region is home to one of the oldest and most biologically diverse mountain systems on the continent. Tragically, mountaintop removal mining has already destroyed more than 500 mountains encompassing more than 1 million acres of Central and Southern Appalachia.. After the coal companies blast apart the mountaintops, they dump the rubble into neighboring valleys, where lie the ...

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Strip Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Andrew P. Schissler, in Encyclopedia of Energy, 2004. 2.3 Strip Mining. Strip mining is employed in coal reserves where the overburden is removed in rectangular blocks in plan view called pits or strips. The pits are parallel and adjacent to each other. Strip mining is fundamentally different from contour or area mining on how the overburden is displaced, called spoil handling.

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What is Strip Mining? (with pictures) - wiseGEEK

Strip mining, removal of soil and rock (overburden) above a layer or seam (particularly coal), followed by the removal of the exposed mineral.. The common strip-mining techniques are classified as area mining or contour mining on the basis of the deposit geometry and type. The cycle of operations for both techniques consists of vegetation clearing, soil removal, drilling and blasting of ...

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What Are the Pros and Cons of Strip Mining? (with pictures)

Oct 27, 2020· Strip mining is a form of surface mining that is usually employed for the recovery of materials such as coal and tar sand, which are relatively near the surface of the earth. Surface vegetation, soil, and rocks are removed in strips, often in conjunction with controlled explosions, to make removal more efficient.

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What is the cause of strip mining? - Answers

The cause of strip mining is the demand, by humankind, of rock and mineral ores that are used to create useful products for consumption.

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Negative Effects of Coal Mining - The World Counts

The negative effects of coal mining cannot be disputed: Destruction of Landscapes and Habitats: Strip mining also known as surface mining, involves the stripping away of earth and rocks to reach the coal underneath. If a mountain happens to be standing in the way of a coal seam within, it will be blasted or levelled - effectively leaving a ...

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Kentucky strip mining | The Pop History Dig

Nov 08, 2013· Strip Mining. Strip mining in Kentucky and elsewhere had gone on for decades before Harry Caudill arrived on the scene, but after World War II the technology had moved well beyond the "pick-and-shovel" stage. In eastern Kentucky especially, the practice of "shoot and shove" contour strip mining was notorious. Miners gouged into hillsides with mechanized shovels and dozers, establishing ...

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Surface mining - Wikipedia

Strip mining exposes soil and causes _____. Litter. The top layer of dead leaves and grass. Topsoil. The crumbly, topmost layer of soil made up of clay and other minerals and humus. Subsoil. The layer of soil beneath the topsoil that has less plant and animal matter than topsoil and …

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The Environmental Science of Surface Mining - dummies

Strip mining. Strip mining, as the name describes, is a process of removing rock and soil in strips to get to the valuable mineral ores below.After miners extract the resources, they put back the leftover rock and soil, called mining spoils or tailings, to fill in the hole.. One way to replace tailings is to simply dump them; luckily, U.S. regulations require mining companies to replace ...

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Deforestation caused by mining – mining in deforestation

Mar 14, 2017· Mining is one of the main causes of deforestation.The environmental impact of mining includes soil erosion, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, and contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water by chemicals from mining processes. Mining occurs so as to extract precious metals and gemstones such as Manganese, tantalum, cassiterite, copper, tin, nickel, bauxite (aluminum…

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Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining began in the mid-16th century [dubious ...

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A Troubling Look at the Human Toll of Mountaintop Removal ...

Nov 21, 2017· The devastating environmental impacts of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia have long been well documented. But over the last decade, Indiana University researcher Michael Hendryx has been examining another consequence of this form of coal surface mining that had previously been overlooked: the health impacts on the people in the surrounding communities.

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